Staying Safe in the Extreme Heat
It’s going to be pretty hot in San Francisco over the next few days and we want to remind everyone of some good public health recommendations (brought to us by our friends at the San Francisco Department of Public Health) to keep us cool and comfortable.
It is important to check regularly on adults at risk, especially the isolated elderly.
Visit at‐risk adults at least twice a day and watch them closely
for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
So, the basics:
- Drink fluids frequently throughout the day, before you feel thirsty.
- Check on the elderly regularly.
- Don’t leave children or pets in the car!
- Take cool showers/baths.
- Limit outdoor activity, especially during the hottest part of the day.
- Take frequent breaks in the shade when spending time outside.
- Wear light‐colored, light‐weight clothing and a hat.
- Avoid alcoholic beverages and caffeinated drinks.
- Use an air conditioner if you have one.
- If you do not have an air conditioner, go to a cooler place such as an air‐conditioned family’s,
friend’s or neighbor’s home, store, mall, museum, or movie theater, or, visit a cooling center.
- Check on your at‐risk family, friends and neighbors often and help them get to a cool place.
- Fans alone will not keep you cool when it is really hot outside.
- Conserve by setting your air conditioner to 78 degrees and only cooling rooms you are using
when you are at home.
- Avoid strenuous activity, or plan it for the coolest part of the day, usually in the morning.
- between 4 a.m. and 7 a.m. or in the evening. If you exercise, drink two to four glasses of cool,
nonalcoholic fluids each hour. A sports beverage can replace the salt and minerals you lose in
sweat. If you are used to regular exercise, just keep in mind the symptoms of heat illness when
exercising and stop or rest if any occur.
- Bathing or showering with cool (not cold) water can be helpful for those able to do so safely.
- It is important to check regularly on adults at risk, especially the isolated elderly. Visit at‐risk
adults at least twice a day and watch them closely for signs of heat exhaustion or heat stroke.
Looking for cooler places to hang out? Think community centers, movie theater, libraries, swimming pools and/or shaded parks.
For more information about heat waves and and how to prevent heat illness, check out SFDPH’s Frequently Asked Questions about Heat Waves and Heat Illness.