The San Francisco 2014 Hazard Mitigation Plan
The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) requires states, Indian tribes, and local governments to develop hazard mitigation plans as a condition for receiving pre- and post-disaster mitigation grant funding, which is why San Francisco recently updated its Hazard Mitigation Plan (HMP) to ensure we are positioned to receive these funds, should we need them.
San Francisco’s 2014 HMP was approved by FEMA early last month. The plan also has been adopted by San Francisco Mayor Ed Lee and the Board of Supervisors.
What goes into a Hazard Mitigation Plan?
In order for a city or county to receive federal mitigation funds, its hazard mitigation plan must profile the natural hazards that impact the area, and must select strategies for mitigating those hazards. San Francisco’s 2014 HMP also covers human-caused hazards, which include hazardous materials, energy shortages, terrorist events, and cyberterrorism. In addition, the 2014 HMP covers climate change (sea level rise, temperature rise, and precipitation changes).
What Makes San Francisco’s HMP Special?
What makes San Francisco’s 2014 HMP unique is the addition of climate change and how to mitigate its affects. Additional elements that made the plan (and its development) stand out include:
- San Francisco’s 2014 HMP assesses risks to the City from natural and human-caused hazards, and to provide mitigation strategies for reducing the impact of those risks.
- The 2014 HMP represents the City’s commitment to take action to help reduce risk and create a safer, more resilient San Francisco. The plan also serves as a guide for City leaders as they commit resources to reduce the effects of hazards on our community.
- The coordinated preparation of the 2014 HMP: The plan was developed in cooperation with representatives from 20 City departments.
- San Francisco’s 2014 HMP has been adopted by Mayor Ed Lee and the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, and was approved by Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) on November 4, 2014. The 2014 HMP remains effective for five years.
- FEMA approval of local hazard mitigation plans is a prerequisite to receive federal disaster funding such as pre- and post-disaster hazard mitigation grants, and flood mitigation grants. Local hazard mitigation plans must be revised and re-approved by FEMA every five years to continue to be eligible for this federal funding. The 2014 HMP updates and replaces the HMP approved by FEMA in 2009.
- The San Francisco 2014 HMP Planning Team will continue to meet over the next five years to monitor implementation of the HMP, and will seek funding to begin work on hazard mitigation strategies selected as part of the 2014 plan.
Who Developed the San Francisco HMP?
San Francisco’s HMP development was led by DEM’s Lead Planner, Amy Ramirez, and Edie Schaffer, Emergency Planner.
“For me, the best thing about working on this plan was getting to meet and work with city representatives that I had not met before, ” said Edie Schaffer. “Everyone on our HMP Planning Team stepped up, and shared both their time and expertise; we could not have done this without them. The HMP Planning Team will keep working together over the next five years to implement the plan.”
DEM will begin the process of updating this version of the HMP in 2017. As Edie said, “We worked so hard on the plan. It’s not something that will sit on the shelf; we are using the plan to seek funding to implement the mitigation strategies chosen by the Planning Team.”
The 2014 HMP Development Team:
- Alicia Johnson (DEM): Public and stakeholder outreach planning and implementation
- Robert Stengel (DEM): New hazard profiles; plan review
- Francis Zamora (DEM): Public information and outreach; HMP web site design and maintenance
- Brian Strong (Capital Planning Program): CCSF assets and planning projects; HAZUS study of critical CCSF facilities
- Neil Friedman (Department of Building Inspection (DBI)): CCSF building inventory; DBI mitigation projects; UMBs
- Cal Broomhead (Department of Environment (DOE)): Hazard assessment; DOE capabilities and mitigation projects
- Calla Ostrander (DOE) Hazard assessment, DOE capabilities and mitigation projects
- Naveena Bobba (Department of Public Health (DPH)): Hazard assessment, DPH capabilities and mitigation projects
- Teri Dowling (DPH): Hazard assessment; DPH capabilities and mitigation projects
- Cynthia Chono (Department of Public Works (DPW)): Hazard assessment, DPW capabilities and mitigation projects
- Micah Hilt (Earthquake Safety Implementation Program (ESIP)): ESIP capabilities and mitigation projects
- Patrick Otellini (ESIP): ESIP capabilities
- Carla Johnson (Mayor’s Office of Disability): Input and guidance on people with disabilities and access and functional needs
- Dave Sullivan (Northern California Regional Intelligence Center (NCRIC)): Hazard assessment, NCRIC capabilities, and mitigation projects
- Nick Majeski (Office of City Administrator, General Services Agency (GSA)): GSA capabilities
- Matt Hansen (Office of the City Administrator, Risk Management Program): Asset lists, CCSF Floodplain Administrator delegatee, flood-related mitigation projects
- Leo Levenson (Office of Community Investment and Infrastructure): Land use and development
- Scott Edmondson (Planning Department): Land use and development, climate change
- Lily Langlois (Planning Department): Planning capabilities and mitigation projects
- Teresa Ojeda (Planning Department): GIS, land use and development
- Sidonie Sansom (Port of San Francisco): Port assets, capabilities, and mitigation projects
- John Updike (Real Estate Division):CCSF assets
- Karen Mauney-Brodek (Recreation and Parks Department (RPD)): RPD capabilities and mitigation projects
- Angelica Quicksey (RPD): Hazard assessment, RPD capabilities and mitigation projects
- Jeff Airth (San Francisco International Airport (SFO)): SFO capabilities and mitigation projects
- Toshia Marshall (SFO): SFO assets, capabilities, and mitigation projects
- Assistant Deputy Chief Kyle Merkins (San Francisco Fire Department (SFFD)): SFFD capabilities and mitigation projects, fire-related hazards
- Scarlett Lam (San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)):Hazard assessment, SFMTA assets and capabilities
- Mary Ellen Carroll (San Francisco Public Utilities Commission (SFPUC)): SFPUC assets and mitigation projects
- Joshua Keene (SFPUC): SFPUC assets
- Brad Wilson (SFPUC): SFPUC assets, capabilities, and mitigation projects
- Bob Beck (Treasure Island Development Agency (TIDA)): TIDA assets, capabilities, and mitigation projects
- Peter Summerville (TIDA): TIDA assets, capabilities, and mitigation projects
Special thanks to SFPUC David Behar, Climate Program Director, SFPUC Chair, CCSF Sea Level Rise Committee
Amy Ramirez and Edie Schaffer presented at the 2014 International Association of Emergency Managers (IAEM) Annual Conference last November regarding local hazard mitigation planning. They brought handouts for 25 people — more than 200 attended. A goal of San Francisco’s 2014 HMP development team is to share their most successful strategies in development the HMP, and to make this information available so that other local jurisdictions can develop their own HMPs “in-house.”